The entire New Jersey House delegation has run against incumbent officeholders at some point in their careers: Rob Andrews, who sought the 1997 nomination to run against Governor Christie Whitman; Frank LoBiondo, who ran unsuccessfully against incumbent William Hughes in 1992; James Saxton, who defeated Democratic Assemblyman (now Superior Court Judge) John Sweeney in 1975; Christopher Smith, who lost to Congressman Frank Thompson in 1978 and beat him (after his indictment on bribery charges) in 1980; Scott Garrett, who lost GOP primaries to incumbent Marge Roukema in 1998 and 2000; Frank Pallone, who unseated GOP State Senator Brian Kennedy in 1983; Mike Ferguson, who challenged Pallone in 1998; Bill Pascrell, Jr., who unseated Republican Congressman William Martini in 1996; Steven Rothman lost a bid for Bergen County Freeholder to incumbents Barbara Chadwick and Richard Mola in 1989; Donald Payne, who mounted unsuccessful Democratic primary challenges to Congressman Peter Rodino in 1980 and 1986; Rodney Frelinghuysen, who lost a GOP primary to incumbent James Courter in 1982 and beat incumbent GOP Assemblyman William Bishop in 1983; and Rush Holt, who defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Michael Pappas in 1998. Albio Sires, who will take the vacant 13th district House seat in November, ran against Democratic Congressman Frank Guarini in the 1986 general election and defeated Assemblyman Louis Romano in the 1999 Democratic primary. U.S. Senator Frank Lautenberg never ran against an incumbent, but Senator Robert Menendez challenged incumbents for Union City Commissioner in 1982 (he lost to William Vincent Musto) and beat Republican Assemblyman Jose Arango (now the Hudson County GOP Chairman) in 1987. If Tom Kean, Jr. wins a U.S. Senate seat, it would mean that Ferguson would have two former opponents serving with him in the New Jersey congressional delegation. Pallone in 1998 and Kean, who he beat in the 2000 GOP primary.