Anthony Imperiale was the only Indepedent to win a State Senate race in New Jersey history. A former Newark City Councilman, he was elected to the Assembly in 1971 and to the Senate in 1973. In 1974, he ran for Mayor of Newark and lost a runoff to incumbent Kenneth Gibson. He lost his Senate seat in 1977 to Democrat Frank Rodgers. He won an Assembly seat as a Republican in 1979 and lost the GOP primary for Governor in 1981.