Remember the command center in the sky derisively referred to as Mayor Rudolph Giuliani’s private bunker? Well, less than a year after plans for the facility came to light, the high-tech facility is open for business.
The $12 million project, located on the 23rd floor of 7 World Trade Center, is “90 percent complete but fully operational,” said Denise Collins, a spokesman for the city’s Department of Administrative Services, which oversees some city capital projects. Yes, there’s a private place for the Mayor to sleep and shower, but it’s in a pretty prosaic, good-enough-for-government office–hardly the forbidding bunker that critics imagined last spring.
From that office and an adjacent conference room, the Mayor can run the entire city, communicating with the outside world via bugproof telephones.
The command center takes up a sprawling 46,000 square feet in a building just north of the World Trade Center towers–ironically enough, the site of a terrorist attack in 1993. The facility is meant to coordinate the responses of at least 50 city, state and Federal agencies to all sorts of disasters, except, perhaps, those of the electoral variety. The center is surrounded by a hurricane wall–it’s made of bulletproof material, but not because officials are afraid of snipers, but because at 23 stories, the facility is vulnerable to flying debris. And here’s why they built it in the sky rather than underground: According to an administration official intimately familiar with the project, the brittle
Getting into the center requires a card and a code, and those who enter will see a series of U-shaped consoles broken down into clusters for individual mayoral agencies; in a serious emergency, the facility could hold as many as 100 top city administrators.
Plans also call for
Ms. Collins told The Observer that the city spent $4.9 million on general construction, $4.6 million on electrical equipment and some $2 million on mechanics, plumbing and sprinklers. Add that to the facility’s annual rent, an average of $1.5 million for 20 years, and the total price tag–minus operating costs–comes to more than $40 million.
The center’s first emergency took place during a four-inch snowstorm on the weekend of March 13-14, according to Jerry Hauer, the head of the city’s Office of Emergency Management, the agency that runs the facility. Mr. Hauer said the center’s facilities allowed his colleagues to get to their posts the night before the storm hit. “Rather than have them drive in snow, some [could] stay over,” he said.
Mr. Hauer added, however, that accommodations were anything but swank. “They’re very modest, like army bunks, double-decker bunks,” he said, noting that they were based on bedding arrangements provided for Secret Service agents housed on the ninth floor of the same building.
Seven World Trade Center is a soaring office tower occupied by Salomon Smith Barney and the New York office of the Securities and Exchange Commission, among other tenants. No one–not even messengers–is allowed beyond the lobby without approval from somebody else in the building. A guard standing nearby told The Observer that the command center was impressively high-tech. But he said he had been instructed not to talk about the center.
Coupled with the barricades around City Hall, critics said the command center suggested a politician quick to see himself as under siege, an embattled leader surrounded by encroaching enemies. In a Daily News column last spring, Michael Daly pronounced the facility a “bargain”–compared, that is, with the luxurious, $60 million, turquoise-tiled bunker inhabited by Saddam Hussein.
“The Doctor Strangelove imagery of the project certainly didn’t do the Mayor any good,” observed City Council member Ken Fisher of Brooklyn, who nonetheless sees merit in the facility.
Despite the real dangers of worldwide conflicts spilling over to New York, many have questioned the need for an expensive, high-tech facility. Los Angeles, hardly a stranger to calamities like mudslides and riots, managed to convert a 1960’s bomb shelter into an emergency management center, updating the facility for several million dollars. And for years, the city’s emergency management system has been run effectively out of Police Headquarters. Even with the new facility all but finished, the command center at 1 Police Plaza remains operational.
City Hall shrugged off the critics and, in an indication of the urgency the administration attached to the project, it was finished in less than a year. That’s no small accomplishment in a city where the installation of a single public toilet or the repair of a single exit on the F.D.R. Highway takes years.
Despite the quasi-military look of the command center’s décor, Mr. Hauer has strenuously rejected the suggestion that the facility is, in fact, a bunker. He has pointed out that the center is not a place for the Mayor and his allies and relatives to hunker down through disasters. Rather, he has said, the facility boasts a state-of-the-art communications system, connecting scores of people in government and law enforcement via computers to a mapping system that pinpoints the location of disasters and shows how near they are to sewer lines,
“Given the things that have happened in this city,” noted Bob Louden, an expert in emergency management at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, it makes sense “to upgrade what they are doing and create a new entity to make sure all agencies work together.”
Heading for Cover?
Of course, on a less dramatic note, the opening of the command center coincides with a dip in Mr. Giuliani’s popularity and a perceived political vulnerability. The Rev. Al Sharpton has managed to reinvent himself yet again, this time at Mr. Giuliani’s expense, with two weeks of well-publicized demonstrations at Police Headquarters. The tactics of his Police Department have come under national scrutiny. And just the other day, a coyote roamed loose in Central Park.
Officials may say the facility is not a bunker, but even so, Mr. Giuliani might be forgiven for taking cover in a quiet place with a foldout couch until his political storms blow over. “He may need it–his poll numbers are dropping,” quipped City Council member John Sabini of Queens.
Then again, he may find no relief there, no matter how comfortable the pullout may be. The command center was the source of plenty of City Hall intrigue, with political insiders whispering that the command center was an attempt by the Mayor and Mr. Hauer to exert more control over emergency operations at the expense of the Police Department. Various city agencies have a piece of disaster and emergency relief, and they zealously protect their turf.
Indeed, it remains to be seen how the two command centers will coordinate when both spring into action to deal with the latest disaster. Conflict between the centers could exacerbate talk of a feud between Mr. Hauer and Police Commissioner Howard Safir, who reportedly have been at odds since plans for the new center were revealed last year.
“The Mayor recognized early on he could better coordinate between various agencies if control rested with him,” said former Police Commissioner William Bratton. “So there was a perceived need [for a new center], based on watching agencies battle each other. And it also fit into his well-known penchant for absolute control.”