To his credit, John McCain has invited Barack Obama to join him in a national “town hall” tour over the coming months, without the unneeded intrusion of celebrity journalists, network extravaganzas and all of their irrelevant impertinence. The Arizona Republican insists that he wants a serious debate over the competing ideas and visions of the two parties, rather than the usual petty focus on process issues and gotcha questions.
After so many election cycles dominated by race-baiting, panty-raiding and swift-boating, voters might feel reassured by serious discussion of real issues. On no issue is such frank partisan discussion more urgent than the economy, as the numbers plunge downward along with national and world confidence.
Despite Mr. McCain’s widely quoted confession that he doesn’t know much about economics, the conceit of his party has long been that only conservatives understand how the world works—and that only cutting taxes on the wealthy and removing regulations from business can encourage growth, especially in recessionary periods.
Many American voters used to accept those simplistic nostrums as received truth, but perhaps it is time to reexamine them in the light of past history and present failures. When it is Mr. Obama’s turn to speak in the coming debates, he may wish to point out that the record of past economic performance by Republican politicians compares quite poorly with that of their Democratic rivals.
Take Phil Gramm, the former Texas Senator whose proud authorship of the Reagan tax cuts in 1981 was immediately followed by severe recession—and then by the largest peacetime tax increase in American history. Among Mr. Gramm’s final speeches in the Senate was an impassioned rant warning that the Clinton economic program would lead to disaster and higher deficits. He could not have been more wrong, of course, an embarrassing historical footnote that is only significant because he now serves as chief economic counselor to the McCain campaign.
Working alongside Mr. Gramm is Douglas Holtz-Eakin, an economist who claims with a straight face that President Reagan “cut taxes within the context of budget discipline and controls on spending.” That happy claim is utterly false, of course, belied by the enormous deficit that swiftly resulted in the tax increase, passed by the Senate Republicans and signed by the Republican president. The economy was still in deep trouble when Bill Clinton entered the White House after more than a decade of Republican rule.
Rather than merely score easy debating points off Mr. McCain and his ill-chosen advisers, Mr. Obama could speak more broadly about the stagnation and waste that have resulted from Republican economic policy—and how unfair policy undermines growth. Indeed, he shouldn’t hesitate to pillory conservative policymakers for incompetence and irresponsibility.
But what Mr. Obama ought to emphasize, consistent with his positive and uplifting appeal, is the excellent economic record of his Democratic forebears during the past century or so. As stewards of the economy, they have consistently outpaced the Republicans on every important measure, from stock market performance to gross domestic product to job creation to disposable income.
The Democrats have always been better at reducing poverty and increasing wages, which may not surprise anyone. But they have also proved superior at keeping inflation low, reducing budget deficits and restraining federal spending. After the scandalous budgeting of the Republican Congress and the Bush administration, perhaps nobody will find those statistics surprising, either.
The Obama advisers reflect a long-standing Democratic consensus, with their commitment to universal health care, Social Security, and fiscal stimulus balanced by budgetary responsibility and tax equity. They understand that fairness is the fastest path to renewed, sustainable growth.
As for Mr. McCain, who dissented from G.O.P. orthodoxy by voting against the Bush tax cuts in 2001, he recants that heresy now. He once understood that our system cannot be entrusted to the unregulated avarice of predators like his old pal Charles Keating, symbol of the savings-and-loan debacle. But now he parrots the free-market fundamentalism that led to the S&L crisis back then, and to the subprime mortgage disaster today. He proposes the same panaceas he used to deride.
So let’s have a freewheeling debate about how to revitalize the economy and the nation. Let’s hear Mr. McCain defend the discredited conventional wisdom of the right, and Mr. Obama explain the achievements of the liberal past and the promise of the progressive future. It is hard to imagine a clearer choice.