This question originally appeared on Quora: What are common activities people get wrong every day but don’t know it?
You want people to understand your points, but you make it hard for them to remember what you’ve said. Use pictures, lists, and categories to make your points easier for others to remember, share, and discuss with others when you’re not around.
A better way can be found in two places: machine learning, and Tony Robbins’ motivational speaking.
The Power of Giving People Categories
After watching , I watched a few other clips of him speaking. One thing you notice quickly about Robbins, which also brought up in the TED Radio Hour on NPR, is how frequently he relies on numbered lists to break out a concept. He rapidly introduces topics like the “four kinds of love”, or “six human needs”, or “five steps to financial independence” before breaking out each sub-category. It’s kind of an unusual structured way of talking to an audience, especially compared with how politicians and comedians meander across topics and dive into stories when they address big groups. Full disclosure: I have never been in the audience for one of his events nor read any of Robbins’ books. But having watched a few of his talks and interviews, l don’t think it’s a stretch to postulate that much his rhetorical appeal stems from reducing a concept like “fear” to something people can get their arms around more easily, and then help people conquer those – through , if necessary.
Data science would seem to have little in common with the touchy-feely land of self-help, yet data scientists fill the same need for businesses that self-help gurus do for their audiences. Data science makes really big, hard problems more tractable for businesses by breaking them down into smaller ones. Age-old questions like, “How do we get customers to spend more?” become mere. Data science enables insights like, for example, visitors who view three or more products on your web site are 40% more likely to make a purchase than those who don’t. That knowledge, enabled by math and computation, turns an amorphous challenge (find great customers) into a smaller, easier one (find customers who viewed more than three items). By reducing customers, sales orders, or site visits to numbers and categorizing them at massive scale, data science techniques help us manage businesses more effectively.
Categories help us make sense of the world around us. Once we can place something in a known category, we automatically understand much more about it. When we can’t place a new observation in a bucket we already understand we feel uncomfortable.
Organize Peoples’ Thoughts for Them
Organizing other peoples’ thoughts is also among the most learnable skills. You can do it in your everyday interactions just by always making it easy for people to understand and remember what you’re telling them. And because most business writing is often terrible, whether or , it’s an easy way to stand out from your peers with some practice.
So, without further ado, here are the building blocks of how to communicate in a way that helps organize peoples’ thoughts for them:
- Wherever possible, draw pictures. Whether you do it on a whiteboard in someone’s office, in a power point slide, on a napkin…whatever: if you can diagram what you’re trying to explain, do it. A clear block diagram or flow chart is often the easiest way for people to understand a process. I’ve also written before about the , and others like and take this to extremes. When you give someone a diagram, you also demonstrate that you thoroughly understand something. Even if you have known gaps, you can call them out in a diagram easily.
- (Bonus tip #1: A prior manager of mine was convinced that block diagrams that have connecting lines with right angles, rather than curves, look ten times more professional. I’ll let you draw your own conclusions.)
- Minimize Text Fatigue with Numbered Lists. There’s a reason why these days. This isn’t to say that I 100% like what listicles have done to journalism, but there’s a reason they’re so popular: they’re easy to read. When you’re writing your boss an email, easy-to-read is good, especially when you’re explaining something complicated or that has a lot of moving parts. This is where you become Tony Robbins. Make it easy for people to get what they need out of your communications, by breaking out big topics into smaller topics and sub-topics until they’re easily explainable. Don’t force them to wade through unnecessary text. That’s what blogs are for, after all.
- (Bonus tip #2: This one you’re reading aside, numbered lists are better than bullet points, because it’s easier for people to respond to individual points if they’re numbered. Having to manually count down to find which bullet you’re referring to is irritating – with a nod to Sid Mansur).
- Give your ideas a “handle” to make them easy to remember. This one might take a little bit of practice, but it is a great “hack” for making your ideas stick. You’ll notice that in the list you’re reading right now, I’m not merely writing out bullets – the main idea in each block of text is bolded and put in front. It makes it easier for the reader to scan the document and pull out your main points, even if they don’t have time to read it thoroughly. Even better is when you can coin a phrase or come up with some other label that makes it easy for your audience to remember and refer to your idea. I tried to do that in some of my prior blog posts , , and , and I’ve been consistently rewarded by it: the posts in which I created labels for people to remember the ideas generated the most feedback and shares on social media. Great labels make big ideas portable and easy for people to discuss. The more distinctive the phrase you coin, the more you become associated with the idea.