Auguste Rodin (1840–1917) was a French sculptor who is widely regarded as the progenitor of modern sculpture. Breaking away from the traditional academic sculpting norms of his time, Rodin's work captured human forms with a raw emotional intensity and dynamism that were unprecedented. Best known for iconic pieces like "The Thinker" and "The Kiss", Rodin's mastery lay in his ability to convey profound psychological depth and the play of light and shadow on form. His monumental work, "The Gates of Hell", a decorative piece for a decorative arts museum, features numerous figures from Dante's "Inferno" and showcases his adeptness in handling complex, multi-figure compositions. Rodin's sculptures were often met with controversy due to their unconventional style, but his undeniable talent earned him widespread acclaim. His pieces can be found in major art institutions globally, with a significant collection housed at the Musée Rodin in Paris. Through his revolutionary approach to sculpture, Rodin paved the way for future generations of artists.