Étienne Martin (1913-1995) was a pivotal French sculptor who emerged in the post-World War II art scene. Initially trained as an architect, Martin transitioned to sculpture in the late 1930s, evolving through various phases that embraced both abstract and figurative tendencies. In the 1960s, he gained particular acclaim for his series of "Demeures" (Dwellings) sculptures, which explored the relationship between human bodies and architectural space. Martin's unique approach to materials and form led him to experiment with unconventional mediums, including fabric and resin. His works have been exhibited in renowned institutions such as the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.