Gertrude Stein, born on February 3, 1874, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, and died on July 27, 1946, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, was an avant-garde American writer, poet, and art collector. Stein is renowned for her dense and innovative writing style and her vibrant Parisian salon, which became a hub for leading artists and writers, including Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, and Ernest Hemingway. Notable works such as "Three Lives" (1909) and "Tender Buttons" (1914) reflect her keen interest in exploring the potentials and limitations of language. Stein was also an influential patron of the arts and an avid collector of Modernist art, offering early and vital support to several then-emerging artists. Her legacy is celebrated for the vital role she played in the development of modernist literature and art during the early 20th century.